An anal fissure fissure-in-ano is a small, oval shaped tear in skin that lines the opening of the anus. Fissures typically cause severe pain and bleeding with bowel movements. Fissures are quite common in the general population, but are often confused with other causes of pain and bleeding, such as hemorrhoids. Anal fissures can occur at any age and have equal gender distribution. A small number of patients may actually have fissures in both the front and the back locations. Fissures located elsewhere off to the side should raise suspicion for other diseases see below and will need to be examined further.
Haemorrhoids, Anal Tears And Fissures - Bladder & Bowel Community
Fissures are a small split or tear in the skin. Anal fissures are small splits or tears in the mucosal lining of the lower rectum and can range from involving only the epithelium to encompassing the entire thickness of the anal mucosa. Anal fissures can be acute or chronic. The goal of treatment is to relieve pain, constipation , and spasms, as well as reduce the resting internal anal sphincter pressure so that the fissure can fully heal. Therapy for anal fissures ranges from conservative measures to pharmacologic treatments to surgical interventions. Anal fissures result from trauma to the inner lining of the anus. The exact etiology is unknown.
An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum anal canal that causes pain during bowel movements. Anal fissures don't lead to more serious problems. Most anal fissures heal with home treatment after a few days or weeks.
Haemorrhoids piles , anal tears and anal fissures can all result in bleeding from the anus, which can be quite alarming. Most of the time you are not aware of having haemorrhoids but in most cases you will feel a small lump which is just inside or outside the anus. Bleeding from a pile can be quite scary when first discovered but it is not serious. If there is an irritation or an itch associated with piles, ask your pharmacist for advice. There are a number of preparations that can help ease the discomfort.